So here’s what I mean by “Do” in this post:
Now let’s get right into it and learn the present, past, and future tense of “do” in Sinhala >>>
(i.e. Verbs that express a habit or fact. Something that you’d regularly do)
|don’t/doesn’t do||kȧ∙ran∙né nǣ|
- I do this everyday = ma∙mȧ mḗ∙kȧ hæ∙mȧ∙dhaa∙mȧ kȧ∙rȧ∙nȧ∙va
- I don’t do this everyday = ma∙mȧ mḗ∙kȧ hæ∙mȧ∙dhaa∙mȧ kȧ∙ran∙né nǣ
(i.e. Verbs that express the action you’re doing at that specific moment)
|not doing||kȧ∙ran∙né nǣ1|
1 In Sinhala, the Present Continuous Verb is IDENTICAL to the Simple Present Tense Verb
- I am doing this now = ma∙mȧ mḗ∙kȧ dhæn kȧ∙rȧ∙nȧ∙va
- I am not doing this now = ma∙mȧ mḗ∙kȧ dhæn kȧ∙ran∙né nǣ
|didn’t do||kȧ∙lḗ nǣ3|
2 Another way to say “did” = ‘ké∙ru∙wa’
3 Another way to say “didn’t do” = ‘ké∙ru∙wé nǣ’
- I did this yesterday = ma∙mȧ mḗ∙kȧ ee∙yé kȧ∙laa
- I didn’t do this yesterday = ma∙mȧ mḗ∙kȧ eeyé kȧ∙lé nǣ
Future Using Present Continuous
|not doing(FUT)||kȧ∙ran∙né nǣ 4|
4 In Sinhala, we often use the Present Continuous Verb to express a future action. It is the context (e.g. “later”, “tomorrow”, “next week”) that will indicate that it’s in the future).
- I am doing(FUT) this tomorrow = ma∙mȧ mḗ∙kȧ hé∙tȧ kȧ∙rȧ∙nȧ∙va
- I am not doing(FUT) this tomorrow = ma∙mȧ mḗ∙kȧ hé∙tȧ kȧ∙ran∙né nǣ
And that’s all folks! Now wasn’t that easy?
Here’s a Lazy But Smart summary for you:
Quiz Time! Now You Try It…
1. If “you” is ‘o∙yaa’, then how would you say “You do this everyday”?
2. If “that” is ‘ḗ∙kȧ’, then how would you say “You don’t do that everyday”?
3. If “he” is ‘é∙yaa’, then how would you say “He is doing that now”?
4. If “The man” is ‘mi∙ni∙ha’, then how would you say “The man is not doing that now”?
5. If “earlier” is ‘ka∙lin’, then how would you say “The man did that earlier”?
6. If “The woman” is ‘gæ∙hæ∙ni’, then how would you say “The woman didn’t do that earlier”?
7. If “later” is ‘pas∙sé’, then how would you say “The woman is doing(FUT) that later”?
(Head up! This next one is a little tricky so pay attention)
8. If “boy” is ‘kol∙la’, then how would you say “The boy is not doing(FUT) that later”?
And voila! You now know the basics of the verb “do” in Sinhala.