The Verb “Give” In Sinhala | Sinhala Verb Basics

verb give sinhala

 

Here’s what I mean by “Give”:

 

“Give” (verb):

To hand over possession of something to someone (e.g. “I’m giving him a present” or “I’m giving him permission”)

 

Now here’s how we’re going to learn the present, past, and future tense of “Give” in Sinhala >>>

 

Structure Of This Post

verb give sinhala summary

 

1. Present Tense

 

Simple Present

(i.e. Verbs that express a habit or fact. Something that you’d regularly do)

givedhé∙nȧ∙va      
don’t/doesn’t givedhén∙né   nǣ      

 

Sample Phrases:

  • I give this every year =   ma∙mȧ   hæ∙mȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhȧ∙mȧ   mḗ∙kȧ   dhé∙nȧ∙va
  • I don’t give this every year =   ma∙mȧ   hæ∙mȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhȧ∙mȧ   mḗ∙kȧ   dhén∙né   nǣ

 

Intermediary Quiz #1 (of 4)

 

Question 1:

If “presents” (as in “gifts”) is ‘thǣ∙gi’, then how would you say… I give presents every year?

Answer:

ma∙mȧ   hæ∙mȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhȧ∙mȧ   thǣ∙gi   dhé∙nȧ∙va

 

Question 2:

If “presents” is ‘thǣ∙gi’, then how would you say… I don’t give presents every year?

Answer:

ma∙mȧ   hæ∙mȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhȧ∙mȧ   thǣ∙gi   dhén∙né   nǣ

 

Bonus words you “accidentally” just learned

  • this (for an object) =   mḗ∙kȧ
  • every year =   hæ∙mȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhȧ∙mȧ
  • presents =   thǣ∙gi

 

 

Present Continuous

(i.e. Verbs that express the action you’re doing at that specific moment)

givingdhé∙nȧ∙va1       
not givingdhén∙né   nǣ1       

Notes:

1 In Sinhala, the Present Continuous Verb is IDENTICAL to the Simple Present Tense Verb

 

Sample Phrases:

  • I’m giving this now =   ma∙mȧ   dhæn   mḗ∙kȧ   dhé∙nȧ∙va
  • I’m not giving this now =   ma∙mȧ   dhæn   mḗ∙kȧ   dhén∙né   nǣ

 

Intermediary Quiz #2 (of 4)

 

Question 3:

If “medicine” is ‘bé∙héth’, then how would you say… I’m giving medicine now?

Answer:

ma∙mȧ   dhæn   bé∙héth   dhé∙nȧ∙va

 

Question 4:

If “books” is ‘poth’, then how would you say… I’m not giving books now?

Answer:

ma∙mȧ   dhæn   poth   dhén∙né nǣ

 

Bonus words you “accidentally” just learned

  • now =   dhæn
  • medicine =   bé∙héth
  • books =   poth

 

 

 

2. Past Tense

Simple Past

gavedhun∙na      
didn’t givedhun∙né   nǣ      

 

Sample Phrases:

  • I gave this last year =   ma∙mȧ   gi∙yȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhé   mḗ∙kȧ   dhun∙na
  • I didn’t give this last year =   ma∙mȧ   gi∙yȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhé   mḗ∙kȧ   dhun∙né   nǣ

 

Intermediary Quiz #3 (of 4)

 

Question 5:

If “money” is ‘sal∙li’, then how would you say… I gave money last year?

Answer:

ma∙mȧ   gi∙yȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhé   sal∙li   dhun∙na

 

Question 6:

If “clothes” is ‘æňdhum’, then how would you say… I didn’t give clothes last year?

Answer:

ma∙mȧ   gi∙yȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhé   æňdhum   dhun∙né   nǣ

 

Bonus words you “accidentally” just learned

  • last year =   gi∙yȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhé
  • money =   sal∙li
  • clothes =   æňdhum

 

 

Lazy But Smart Sinhala Verb Book Mini Promo-1

 

 

3. Future Tense

Future Using Present Continuous

giving(FUT)dhé∙nȧ∙va 2      
not giving(FUT)dhén∙né   nǣ 2      

Notes:

2 In Sinhala, we often use the Present Continuous Verb to express a future action. It is the context (e.g. “later”, “tomorrow”, “next week”) that will indicate that it’s in the future.

 

Sample Phrases:

  • I’m giving(FUT) this next year =   ma∙mȧ   é∙nȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhé   mḗ∙kȧ   dhé∙nȧ∙va
  • I’m not giving(FUT) this next year =   ma∙mȧ   é∙nȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhé   mḗ∙kȧ   dhén∙né   nǣ

 

Intermediary Quiz #4 (of 4)

 

Question 7:

If “food” is ‘kǣ∙mȧ’, then how would you say… I’m giving food next year?

Answer:

ma∙mȧ   é∙nȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhé   kǣ∙mȧ   dhé∙nȧ∙va

 

Question 8:

If “drinks” is ‘bee∙mȧ’, then how would you say… I’m not giving drinks next year?

Answer:

ma∙mȧ   é∙nȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhé   bee∙mȧ   dhén∙né   nǣ

 

Bonus words you “accidentally” just learned

  • next year =   é∙nȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhé
  • food =   kǣ∙mȧ
  • drinks =   bee∙mȧ

 

 

And that’s all for the today, friend-o!

But before you start commenting below… Here’s a Lazy But Smart summary for you:

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All You Need To Remember:

Lazy But Smart Sinhala Verbs - Give- Summary-600px

Right-Click Here To Download This Summary
-

 

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4. Final Quiz!

Now Try It Without Looking...

(The same 8 questions as before but this time try to answer it by yourself BEFORE you "Click to View the Answer", ok?)

 

 

Present Tense

1. If “presents” is ‘thǣ∙gi’, then how would you say…

I give presents every year?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

 

ma∙mȧ   hæ∙mȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhȧ∙mȧ   thǣ∙gi   dhé∙nȧ∙va

 

Present Tense

2. If “presents” is ‘thǣ∙gi’, then how would you say…

I don’t give presents every year?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

 

ma∙mȧ   hæ∙mȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhȧ∙mȧ   thǣ∙gi   dhén∙né   nǣ

 

Present Tense

3. If “medicine” is ‘bé∙héth’, then how would you say…

I’m giving medicine now?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

 

ma∙mȧ   dhæn   bé∙héth   dhé∙nȧ∙va

 

Present Tense

4. If “books” is ‘poth’, then how would you say…

I’m not giving books now?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

 

ma∙mȧ   dhæn   poth   dhén∙né   nǣ

 

Past Tense

5. If “money” is ‘sal∙li’, then how would you say…

I gave money last year?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

 

ma∙mȧ   gi∙yȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhé   sal∙li   dhun∙na

 

Past Tense

6. If “clothes” is ‘æňdhum’, then how would you say…

I didn’t give clothes last year?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

 

ma∙mȧ   gi∙yȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhé   æňdhum   dhun∙né   nǣ

 

Future Tense

7. If “food” is ‘kǣ∙mȧ’, then how would you say…

I’m giving(FUT) food next year?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

 

ma∙mȧ   é∙nȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhé   kǣ∙mȧ   dhé∙nȧ∙va

 

Future Tense

8. If “drinks” is ‘bee∙mȧ’, then how would you say…

I’m not giving(FUT) drinks next year?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

 

 

ma∙mȧ   é∙nȧ   auw∙rudh∙dhé   bee∙mȧ   dhén∙né   nǣ

 

And voila! You now know the basics of the verb "Give" in Sinhala.

 

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15 Responses to The Verb “Give” In Sinhala | Sinhala Verb Basics

  1. Natalia June 29, 2016 at 11:12 #

    Hi Dilshan! Very nice post. Just a quick question: “the verb form in spoken Sinhala does not change based on who is doing the action” – does this refer to Past and Future tenses as well? Thanks!

    • Dilshan Jayasinha June 29, 2016 at 11:33 #

      Yes Natalia, it applies to past and future too. Which is why I have an entire section in my premium ebook on why Sinhala verbs are easier than one thinks.

    • Dilshan Jayasinha June 29, 2016 at 11:33 #

      PS. Glad you liked the post.

  2. Michelle June 29, 2016 at 16:57 #

    Hey Dilshan,
    You’ll be pleased to know, I have no bug fixes for you this time! :) Sometimes it’s nice for me to be useless and let it all wash over me…!
    Another very helpful post, thank you so much! I’m also very happy that the posts are now coming through on a more regular basis – it means I’m never far away from the next installment, so my learning is always front of mind!
    With your help, and with the help of some children’s programmes I listen to during my lunch break, I am greatly increasing in confidence, and finally feel encouraged to try to speak with my husband in Sinhala. (After your post the other day, for example, I managed to yell out “Baba! Balla oyaage sapaththuwa gaththa!”)
    Till next time!
    Michelle

    • Dilshan Jayasinha June 29, 2016 at 18:10 #

      Yay! Finally I pass the Michelle-Bug Test on the 1st attempt. What you said to your husband made me chuckle out loud. Hilarious. Good luck with the rest of your learning.

  3. Elizabeth June 29, 2016 at 19:53 #

    Hello Dilshan

    The above lesson is very helpful. Thanks for sharing.

    Do Sri Lanka Govt. give you a refund when income tax is done? Never done myself when I was in SL.

    Take care & Bye for now

    Elizabeth T.

    • Dilshan Jayasinha July 1, 2016 at 15:24 #

      Hi Elizabeth, I suppose (not sure though) that it’s the same as it is in EU depending on how much VAT you collected on sales versus how much VAT you spent on your expenses.

      Glad you liked the above lesson.

  4. Wendy September 15, 2016 at 14:39 #

    Hi Dilshan,

    I love those little intermediary quizzes! Here I was, all confident that I wouldn’t have ANY trouble whatsoever with this and there I was, making small mistakes left and right!

    Thanks for deflating my ego a little, feels much better ;)

    • Dilshan Jayasinha October 3, 2016 at 16:30 #

      Haha, that’s my specialty: deflating egos… That was not my intention, I swear :). Thanks for the feedback Wendy, I too like the quizzes in-between.

  5. Helen Savva November 22, 2016 at 10:08 #

    Hi Dilshan,

    Thank you for another excellent post!

    A question for you: How do you say ‘give’, or any verb, as an imperative? To tell a friend to give you something, for example.

    I’ve been told to use “denna” (as in “lighter-e denna”), “enna”, “ganna”, etc. Is this slang or the most correct way to say it?

    Please help :)

    Helen

    • Dilshan Jayasinha November 22, 2016 at 10:45 #

      Hi Helen, ‘dhén∙nȧ’ is the correct way to say “give” as an imperative and it’s not slang. See screenshot below under “COM” (by which I mean “Polite Command” or imperative). You’ll also see how to say “don’t give”:

       

      Sinhala Verb GIVE

       

      This is taken from my Premium Verb Book (http://www.lazybutsmartsinhala.com/350p)

      Does that answer your question?

      • Helen Savva November 22, 2016 at 15:18 #

        That perfectly answers my question!

        Many thanks, Dilshan :)

        Helen

  6. Anna January 28, 2017 at 11:04 #

    Why is every year “hae.ma auw.rudh.dha.ma” and last year and next year are “auw.rudh.dhe”?

    • Dilshan Jayasinha February 1, 2017 at 20:39 #

      Anna, good question and I don’t know if I know the exact reasons. Instead, I’ll explain the words and hopefully, it’ll shed some light on it for you (and me).

      ‘auw∙rudh∙dhé’ = “during/in the year”

      It can apply to past (‘gi∙yȧ auw∙rudh∙dhé’ = “during/in the last year”), present (‘mḗ auw∙rudh∙dhé’ = “during/in this year”), and future (‘gi∙yȧ auw∙rudh∙dhé’ = “during/in the next year”).

      On the other hand, we add ‘mȧ’ to ‘auw∙rudh∙dhȧ’ (“year”) to say ‘auw∙rudh∙dhȧ∙mȧ’ whenever we’re emphasizing on the statement that something happens EVERY year.
      This is true for the following too:

      – If ‘sa∙thi∙yȧ’ = “week” then “every week” will be ‘hæ∙mȧ sa∙thi∙yȧ∙mȧ’
      – If ‘dha∙vȧ∙sȧ’ = “day” then “every day” will be ‘hæ∙mȧ dha∙vȧ∙sȧ∙mȧ’ (you might also hear the shortened form ‘hæ∙mȧ∙dhaa∙mȧ’)

      I’m sure you’ve got follow up questions, so ask away friend-o.

  7. AB November 1, 2017 at 21:01 #

    Hi Dilshan,

    Sadhu for the thorough answer above. Was just hoping to check in with a quick follow-up question…

    Does ‘hæ∙mȧ’ mean ‘every’ and is it used with ‘mȧ’ for emphasis? Is ‘hæ∙mȧ’ ever used on it’s own, or is it always used with ‘mȧ’ at the end of the following word?

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