This is the 2nd Part of the blog-post series “Can I? Should I? and Shall I?… in Sinhala”.
For those of you who haven’t yet read Part 1, I suggest you first take a look at it by clicking here and later returning to this post.
It’ll make your understanding that much better.
For the rest of you, in order to make it as simple as possible, I’ll be using the same examples and same approach when discussing the next group in our list, which is The “Should I?” Group.
2. The “Should I?” Group:
This group consists of:
- “Should I…?”
- “Must I…?”
- “Do I have to…?”
- “Do I need to…?”
In spoken Sinhala, we use the same words and sentence structure to express the above 4 types of sentences.
Let me show you what I mean…
Learning to ask “Should I eat?”, “Must I eat?”, “Do I have to eat?”, and “Do I need to eat?”
Let’s first learn how to say the positive statements, “I should eat”, “I must eat”, “I have to eat”, and “I need to eat”.
You might remember that we covered this in an earlier post when we learned how to say “I need” in Sinhala with a verb.
The grammar rule was as follows:
For example, the infinitive of “eat” (which in English is “to eat”) is kan∙nȧ in Sinhala. Therefore…
“I should eat” / “I must eat” / “I have to eat” / “I need to eat”
ma∙mȧ kan∙nȧ ō∙né
(ma∙mȧ = “I”; kan∙nȧ = “to eat”; ō∙né = “want” (but note that when it is used with ma∙mȧ, it changes the meaning to “should”/”must”/”have to”/”need to”)
To convert these positive statements into question forms, let’s use the grammar rule we saw in Part 1 and add dhȧ to the end:
“Should I eat?” / “Must I eat?” / “Do I have to eat?” / “Do I need to eat?”
ma∙mȧ kan∙nȧ ō∙né∙dhȧ?
(ma∙mȧ = “I”; kan∙nȧ = “to eat”; ō∙né∙dhȧ = “want?” (but note that when it is used with ma∙mȧ it changes its meaning to “should?”/”must?”/”have to?”/”need to?”)
And that’s all for the “Should I?” Group!
We are 2/3 completed on this blog series. Easier than you first thought, right?
But before we end Part 2, let’s once again look at some other similar sample phrases that you can start using immediately:
“Should I / Must I / Do I have to / Do I need to…
|…eat something?”||ma∙mȧ mo∙nȧ∙va ha∙ri kan∙nȧ ō∙né∙dhȧ?|
|…drink some water?”||ma∙mȧ va∙thu∙rȧ pod∙dak bon∙nȧ ō∙né∙dhȧ?|
|…come in?”||ma∙mȧ ae∙thu∙lȧ∙tȧ én∙nȧ ō∙né∙dhȧ?|
|…go?||ma∙mȧ yan∙nȧ ō∙né∙dhȧ?|
|…go with you?”||ma∙mȧ o∙yaath ék∙kȧ yan∙nȧ ō∙né∙dhȧ?|
|…help you?”||ma∙mȧ o∙yaa∙tȧ u∙dhauw kȧ∙ran∙nȧ ō∙né∙dhȧ?|
|…ask you a question?”||ma∙mȧ o∙yaa∙gén prash∙nȧ∙yak a∙han∙nȧ ō∙né∙dhȧ?|
If everything seems clear to you so far (first of all, well done) then go straight to Part 3 (spoiler alert: it’s the EASIEST of all 3 parts).
If not, leave your question below and I’ll get back to you with an answer.